Signs and Symptoms of Ebola and how to protect yourself

Woke up with broadcast messages about Ebola found in a particular hospital and that we should avoid it, a better broadcast is to spread awareness on how to protect ourselves and this is the broadcast I forwarded when I got it…

Greetings!I trust we are all doing fine.Just a quick one please:Heard that an Ebola case has been confirmed in a hospital in Lagos, Nigerian, through a Liberian who came into Nigeria. Anyway, whether true or false, we all need to be aware of the necessary preventive measures to take in reducing or stopping the spread of this deadly virus in our precious country.I want us to know that staying away from that hospital will not in any way, stop it’s spread among the people.Whoever brought the virus into Nigeria, obviously sat in the plane with other Nigerians, and also passed through airport officials. Liberians basically greet by hand shaking and huggs, so you can’t tell how many people he/she must have greeted while coming into Lagos.Therefore, the following are the preventive measures we need to take, rather than avoiding the ‘said’ hospital:- Please have a personal hand sanitizer and use it as frequent as possible (like every 30 minutes).- Do not buy and eat any fruit directly without washing it first very well.- For now, you might want to stay away from eating any meat that you do not know it’s source, most especially our lovely ‘Suya’.- Also, try not to put your hands into your mouth without using a sanitizer first ( for those of us that bite our fingers a lot, we need to consciously stop for now).- Try and avoid unnecessary hand shaking for now, or immediately after, use your sanitizer.- Unlike HIV, Ebola can be spread through contact with body sweat or saliva, so take caution when you sit in the ‘danfo’ buses in Lagos or when you want to kiss.- Avoid eating any meat from apes e.g monkeys and its families.- Generally, avoid having contacts with body fluid- Bathe as often as you can- Prepare your meats by yourself, if possible- Lastly, get more information about Ebola, it’s free on Google I hope I have been able to help, and stop the unnecessary panic by avoiding a particular hospital.

Frequently Asked Questions on Ebola virus disease

What is  Ebola virus disease (EVD)?

Ebola is a severe, infectious often-fatal disease in humans and nonhuman primates (monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees) caused by infection with Ebola virus.  It is very infectious, kills in a short time BUT can be prevented.

How is it spread?

The natural reservoir of the virus is unknown and it is not always clear how the virus first appears in humans. Usually the first person gets infected through contact with an infected animal.

People can be exposed to Ebola virus from direct physical contact with body fluids like blood, saliva, stool, urine, sweat etc. of an infected person and soiled linen used by a patient.

It can be spread through contact with objects, such as needles, that have been contaminated with infected secretions.

Incubation period is 2-21 days.

What are the signs and symptoms of EVD?

Fever
Vomiting
Diarrhea
Sore throat
Joint and muscle aches
Stomach pain
Headache
Measles like rash
A rash, red eyes, hiccups and Bleeding from body openings  may be seen in some patients
How can it be prevented?

Avoid direct contact with body fluids of a person suffering from Ebola or a deceased patient by wearing gloves, goggles, and masks
Persons suspected to be suffering from Ebola should be taken to the nearest health unit immediately for medical attention. Tracing and follow up of people who may have been exposed to Ebola through close contact with patients are essential.
Persons who have died of Ebola must be handled using strong protective wear and buried immediately;
Report any suspected cases of Ebola to the nearest health unit immediately
Suspected cases should be isolated from other patients and strict barrier nursing techniques implemented.
All hospital staff should be briefed on the nature of the disease and its transmission routes. Particular emphasis should be placed on ensuring that invasive procedures such as the placing of intravenous lines and the handling of blood, secretions, catheters and suction devices are carried out under strict barrier nursing conditions. Hospital staff should have individual gowns, gloves, masks and goggles. Non-disposable protective equipment must not be reused unless they have been properly disinfected.
Infection may also spread through contact with the soiled clothing or bed linens from a patient with Ebola. Disinfection is therefore required before handling these items.
Communities affected by Ebola should make efforts to ensure that the population is well informed, both about the nature of the disease itself and about necessary outbreak containment measures, including burial of the deceased. People who have died from Ebola should be promptly and safely buried.
Contacts

As the primary mode of person-to-person transmission is contact with contaminated blood, secretions or body fluids, people who have had close physical contact with patients should be kept under strict surveillance. Their body temperature should be checked twice a day, with immediate hospitalization and strict isolation in case of the onset of fever.
Communication, Advocacy and Media Unit
Telephone: + 472 413 9420, + 242 06 614 2401
E-mail: afrgodrdcam@who.int

http://www.afro.who.int/en/clusters-a-programmes/dpc/epidemic-a-pandemic-alert-and-response/epr-highlights/3648-frequently-asked-questions-on-ebola-hemorrhagic-fever.html

About cknaija

cknaija@twitter.com
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One Response to Signs and Symptoms of Ebola and how to protect yourself

  1. Pingback: Ebola Hotlines in Nigeria | cknaija's Blog

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